▷ About ISO
▷ ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the world’s largest developer and publisher of International
ISO is a network of the national standards institutes of 162 countries, one member per country, with a Central
Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland, that coordinates the system.
ISO is a non-governmental organization that forms a bridge between the public and private sectors.
On the one hand, many of its member institutes are part of the governmental structure of their countries, or are
mandated by their government. On the other hand, other members have their roots uniquely in the private sector,
having been set up by national partnerships of industry associations.
Therefore, ISO enables a consensus to be reached on solutions that meet both the requirements of business and
the broader needs of society.
▷ Why standards matter
Standards make an enormous and positive contribution to most aspects of our lives.
▷ Why conformity assessment is important
“Conformity assessment” means checking that products, materials, services, systems, processes or people measure up to the specifications of a relevant standard or specification.Today, many products require testing for conformity with specifications orcompliance with safety, or other regulations before they can be put on manymarkets. ISO guides and standards for conformity assessment represent an international consensus on best practice. Their use contributes to theconsistency of conformity assessment worldwide and so facilitates trade.
▷ What “international standardization” means
When the large majority of products orservices in a particular business or industry sector conform to InternationalStandards, a state of industry-wide standardization exists. The economicstakeholders concerned agree on specifications and criteria to be appliedconsistently in the classification of materials, in the manufacture and supplyof products, in testing and analysis, in terminology and in the provision ofservices. In this way, International Standards provide a reference framework,or a common technological language, between suppliers and their customers.This facilitates trade and the transfer of technology.